With the globalizing world, there has been a great demand and increase in textile production. These demands have a dynamic structure that renews itself with the changing world cultures. In the developing world, the textile industry provides a constantly renewed service to people by keeping the production standards at the best level. An intensive production process takes place for this service network.
Raw material supply
The raw material of textile production is the weaving industry. Cotton is supplied for the weaving industry. Cotton is mostly grown and collected in the Mediterranean and southeast Anatolian coasts. A high number of manpower is needed for cotton harvesting. This manpower is usually met by the seasonal migration of families with poor financial means to pick cotton. Families work for daily wages under extreme heat. However, the number of manufacturers who prefer to collect by machine has increased.
The processing of raw material
Factories are established for yarn production in the weaving industry. There are workers who work in these factories. With the installation of the machines, the cotton coming from the fields is processed and turned into yarn. With these yarns, fabrics of different quality and colors are obtained.
The journey of fabrics
Fabrics produced from yarn are decorated with different colors and patterns and sent to other factories. These factories are factories that produce ready-made clothing textiles. Clothing products are sewn from models determined according to today’s fashion and market needs. This sewing is put forward with modern machines or as handmade production.
Transportation of products to consumers
Sewn products are delivered to retailers to be sold in boutiques, clothing stores, markets and online. These products take their place on the shelves after a long and arduous journey. Some of them are separated according to their own types by making a distinction such as men’s clothing, some women’s and children’s clothing. It is important to provide meticulous service so that people can find the product they need. In order to sell the sewn products quickly, the customers have to reach the clothes they are looking for easily. With the rapid sales of the products, the production cycle continues at the same speed.
Main Garment Production Stages
It is the process that starts with mass production and continues to work cleaning and pre-quality control processes.
1- Fabric supply: If possible, according to the determined quantities, the fabric is met from the available stocks. If this does not happen, weaving from yarn or buying raw or manufactured fabric is preferred.
2- Raw fabric control: The quality control of the raw fabric coming from the weaving is done on the light machines. Fabrics that are found to be faulty above the acceptable values are returned to the relevant company.
3- Pattern: If the fabric has passed the quality controls positively, the pattern is removed in the pattern room according to the customer’s size. Ironing test is done.
4- Cutting: The cutting process is carried out with the patterns sent to the cutting. For the numerical follow-up of the goods after this stage, a piece tracking form is filled.
5- Metering: The cut parts are individually processed.
6- Classification process: The parts coming from the cutting enter the sorting section. Here, first of all, the measurement and symmetry checks of the cut parts are made. Color, hole, stain etc. controls are made. Faulty parts are flagged and saved. Required ones are sent printing or embroidery.
7- Sewing in contract manufacturing: The job preparation officer ensures that the production sample, technical sheet, drawing and sign patterns, accessories from the accessory warehouse, works prepared for sewing from the cutting, are sent to the workshops, the adequacy of which has already been checked by the production directorate, together with the waybill and contract. Preliminary samples are requested from the workshop. The samples made by the contract follow-up chief and the technical model chief are checked. They approve the samples or make the necessary changes until they are accepted. Production is allowed to continue. During the production, the quality control staff of the subcontracting department constantly control the subcontractor workshops. They detect and prevent production errors and deficiencies that may occur in the future by making the interim control of the garment production assembly. It gives quality assurance approval by making the final quality controls of the finished products.
8- Sewing in the outfitting department: The work preparation officer prepares everything related to the work as in the contract and delivers it to the clothing department. Preparations are made before planting. (such as interfixing, ironing, marking, drawing and pre-assembly). The sewing band supervisor constantly monitors the work flow, takes preventive measures, and instantly detects and corrects the errors that occur. A record of the works that cannot be repaired is kept. Daily breakdowns of the results are made. Finished products from the garment department are sent to the pre-quality control department.